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Bone Grafting

Bone grafting is a surgical procedure used to repair problematic concerns with bones or joints. Bone grafting refers to the surgical process of transplanting bone from one site to another in an effort to repair damaged bone or joints. Typically, bone grafting is used to repair bones or joints that are damaged as the result of a trauma or faulty joints. Bone grafting is also useful in cases where bone is needed to grow, like with a dental implant. Additionally, bone grafting may be used in areas where bone is absent or lost, like filling a void where a tooth has been missing for an extended period of time.

The bone that is used in grafting can come from another site of your body, it can come from a donor or it can be 100 percent man-made. The grafting of bone provides a stable and suitable framework of which new living bone can then grow around the site, if accepted by the body.

The two most common types of bone grafts are:

•  Autograft — An autograft refers to bone grafting where the bone comes from within your own body, possibly your ribs, hips or wrist.
•  Allograft — An allograft refers to bone grafting where the bone comes from a deceased donor or cadaver.

The type of graft that your doctor or oral surgeon will use depends largely on the use. For longer grafts such as for your arms and legs, allografts are ideal. In other instances, your doctor or oral surgeon may believe that an autograft is best for your grafting. In either case, typically, allografts are preferred since the procedure requires no additional incisions; and therefore lowers the risk of infection.

When Is Bone Grafting Used?

Bone grafting can be used in a variety of circumstances, involving either injury or disease. However, the four most common causes for bone grafting include:

•  Fusion — In fusion surgery, bone grafting is done to help two bones grow together, usually across a diseased joint. The most common type of fusion is spinal fusion.
•  Fractures — Bone grafting may be necessary to repair fractures that do not heal well over time.
•  Regeneration — Regeneration is used to replace bone lost to infection, injury or disease.
•  Implantation — Bone grafting is useful when installing implants where it helps the bone to heal around the device.

What Risks Are Associated with Bone Grafting?

As with all surgical procedures, bone grafting has risks of bleeding, infection and reaction associated with it. Here are the most common risks associated with bone grafting:

Rejection of bone graft

Ask your Lake Norman Oral and Facial Surgeon about what risks you should be concerned about when considering bone grafting and what you can do to minimize these risks.

Talking with your Lake Norman Oral and Facial Surgeon about what instructions you should follow in the days before and the day of your bone grafting surgery and take care to follow these instructions in their entirety to reduce risks.
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Lake Norman Oral and Facial Surgery

9727 Northcross Center Ct
Huntersville, NC 28078
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FAX (704) 987-3709
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